Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer due to its ability to spread to other parts of the body. This type of cancer owes its name to the melanocyte cell from which it develops. If caught early, treatment can lead to a very low rate of recurrence or metastasis.
Common signs of Melanoma include:
- Growing or new mole on the skin that changes shape or color
- A brown or black streak under fingernails
- A mole that is itchy, bothersome, or bleeds
Treatment for melanoma is influenced by where the cancer is in its development process. In early stages, surgical excisions or Mohs surgery can be effective in removing the cells from the skin. In later stages, your doctor might recommend lymph node surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.